Selecting the right grass for your home is foundational. The choices for most Texas homeowners are limited to St Augustine, Bermuda, Buffalo, Centipede, Tall Fescue, and Zoysiagrasses. Each species has both positive and negative traits. For example, Bermudagrass can provide a beautiful, dense, fine textured lawn with proper care, but it has very low shade tolerance, so it is a poor choice for landscapes with shady areas. Each turfgrass species also has many varieties to choose from. In a recent national turfgrass tall fescue variety evaluation trial, there were more than 125 different varieties entered. For most warm season grasses there are typically less than 10 varieties available to homeowners.
The following tables will help select a grass species that would be best suited for your particular landscape, desired level of care, and location in Texas.
|Tif 419 Lawns||St. Augustinegrass Lawns|
|Zoysiagrass Lawns||Tall Fescue Lawn|
|Grass Species||Shade Tolerance||Water Requirement||Traffic Tolerance|
|Grass Species||Cold Tolerance||Salinity Tolerance||Disease Potential|
|Grass Species||Mowing Frequency||Mowing Height||Fertility Requirement||Leaf Texture|
|St. Augustine||5-7 days||2.5-3.5"||Medium||Coarse|
|Tall Fescue||5-7 days||2.5-3.0"||Medium||Coarse|
|Zoysia japonica*||7-10 days||1.0-1.5"||Med.-Low||Medium|
|Zoysia matrella*||5-7 days||0.5-1.0"||Medium||Fine|
|* There are two species of zoysiagrass available to home owners, Zoysia japonica (a medium leaf grass well adapted for home lawns) and Zoysia matrella (a fine leaf grass that produces a very dense, beautiful turf, but may require more maintenance).|