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Texas is a major urban state with nearly 88 percent of Texans living in 25 federally designated urban areas. Houston, the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, and San Antonio rank among the 12 most populated regions of the United States. Turfgrasses serve many functions in urban and suburban landscapes.
Primary roles of turfgrass are soil stabilization, water conservation, and filtration of air and water borne pollutants. Actively growing turf is highly effective in control of environmental pollution, such as the suppression of dust, glare, and noise, and in heat dissipation, especially in the arid and semi-arid regions of the United States. Healthy growing turfgrasses act as biological filters and remove atmospheric pollutants. In addition to the positive benefits to the environment, turfgrasses play an important agronomic role in Texas.
The turfgrass industry contributes an estimated $6 billion annually to the economy of Texas and ranks as the number one valued agricultural crop in the state. The economic contribution from new parks, sports fields, golf courses, commercial lawns, cemeteries, airport and industrial grounds, and highway roadsides also contribute significantly to the economy of the Texas turfgrass industry. The scope of the turfgrass industry provides substantial and continuing employment opportunities for the citizens of Texas.